Richard Benyon, Environment Minister, writes in the Guardian
This remarkable fish pairs with its mate and creates an area of seabed that it will defend for around six weeks until spawning has ceased. This is one of the reasons why I would like to designate this as a Marine Conservation Zone (MCZ). If we get this right there will be more sea bream for our fishermen and a precious, species-rich area will be preserved forever.
This is just one of the 31 MCZs I want to see around England that would add up to an area of sea three times the size of Cornwall.
Over the last three years, the government has been changing the way we manage our seas, introducing marine planning, setting up new organisations to police our seas, improving marine licensing, reforming domestic fisheries management and, vitally, introducing MCZs. Alongside this we are leading efforts in the EU to reform the appalling common fisheries policy.
The furore around the designation of the first set of MCZs is the disappointment that we are not proposing to designate more. But this is far from the end of our ambitions.
For some it’s a binary issue. Designate all 127 or you’re a penny-pinching minister who’s in the pocket of the fishing industry. In fact, it would have been easy to designate vast areas of the UK’s waters that are of little ecological value because it would have looked good on a map.
Instead, we are doing this properly. We have found some of the most fragile and special sites and will designate them with proper management plans to ensure they will be protected.
Lyme Bay is an example of what we want to achieve. Fishermen working with conservationists, with support from my department, to manage a marine protected area. There are also plenty of examples around the world of how not to do it. I visited the Pacific and heard many boast of plans to protect areas of the sea but, noble though the intention may be, I was left with the clear belief that many of these areas were no more than lines on maps. Here, we will be requiring agencies such as the Inshore Fisheries and Conservation Authorities and the Marine Management Organisation to police these sites and prosecute any wrongdoers.
There is another problem. Many of the proposed sites extend or exist beyond our six nautical-mile line. There are historic fishing rights held by fishermen from other EU countries, just as our fishermen fish in other countries’ waters. It’s vital that any restrictions we apply are respected by all fishermen.
Can you imagine the spectacle of a UK skipper watching a Belgian trawler fishing in UK waters when he can’t? We need to secure agreement with other EU countries if it’s going to work.
Another myth is that I have raised the bar of scientific evidence so high that it is next to impossible for proposed sites to qualify. Not true. I’m not a scientist and I depend on independent scientific advice. All 127 proposed sites were looked at and, to my disappointment, many of the sites did not have enough evidence to support designation.
Then there is cost. When I received the bad news about the lack of evidence, we set about finding it. We found an extra £3m to carry out new survey work and have made good progress. The additional burdens we will impose on agencies to deliver enforcement will add to the cost. But we’re still going ahead.
I had a conversation with Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall and explained that it was quite an achievement to have got this far at a time when government budgets were being cut. I asked him to suggest, if I ignored the science and designated all 127 sites at a cost of millions, where should I get the money? He didn’t think he would trouble his viewers with matters of cost. I don’t have that luxury.
The problem with a running a short series on this issue is that a complicated argument is condensed to a few minutes. I understand that, it’s the world in which we live. Don’t get me wrong: I am grateful to Fearnley-Whittingstall and others for the popular support they got for our efforts to see an end to the discarding of fish. I am, however less worried about TV programmes and am far more concerned with creating meaningful marine protection.
I am very serious about signing off designation of as many of the realistic sites as possible as soon as possible. This network will join up with the other marine protected areas that have already been designated. Around a quarter of our inshore waters (out to 12 nautical miles) are in some form of marine protected area.
As this process rolls out across the English waters joining up with that being done in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, as well as neighbouring countries across the North Sea, Channel and Irish Sea – it starts to make ecological sense.
Yes, I am being given a rough ride by parts of the fishing industry on this. I am also being put under pressure from other sea users. On the whole, I find realism across the spectrum from conservationists to those who derive a living from the sea.
In a national park it is perfectly possible to farm or run a variety of businesses as long as it is in keeping with what makes that landscape so special. I see MCZs in the same way. If we work together it can work to the benefit of all, and most importantly, benefit marine habitats and the species that are fighting for survival.
• Richard Benyon is the environment minister
- Marine conservation is about proper management – not numbers | Richard Benyon (guardian.co.uk)
- Benyon singles out Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall in defence of sea conservation plans (guardian.co.uk)
- Can new technology save fish? (bbc.co.uk)
- Furious with Europe, British fishermen lament demise of trade (reuters.com)
When a spear fisherman caught a bluefin tuna off the coast of Dorset, news of his unusual catch quickly spread. The BBC reports
The presence of a bluefin off Portland in July has attracted the attention of conservation groups since the critically endangered species is seldom seen there.
Dorset Wildlife Trust described the catch as “irresponsible” but added the sighting of bluefin tuna there was significant.
Kathryn Dawson, from the trust, said records of tuna sightings in the area had been kept for 70 years and were “pretty rare and quite special”.
“Bluefin tuna has historically been present in waters around the UK and this is the first time we’ve had a verified identification in Dorset,” she said.
Over-fishing of tuna has led to strict controls and quotas in the oceans where it is most commonly found.
Popular as sushi
If anyone catches and releases a tuna we would like to know”
Kathryn DawsonDorset Wildlife Trust
The biggest market for the fish is Japan, where people eat it raw in sushi.
Bluefin numbers began to decline in the 1960s with the introduction of new fishing methods, with over-fishing leading to its critically endangered status.
In Dorset, Ms Dawson suggests a possible reason for their reappearance was that they were following a food supply.
She said: “We don’t know for sure why they were there, it could be that they were returning to waters they once used, for some reason, or could have been there all along but just hadn’t been seen.
“We haven’t had these in our waters in years – but we are meant to have them.”
The Dorset coast, and in particular Weymouth and Portland, is popular with both commercial and recreational anglers, and Ms Dawson believes most people who fish there would know not to catch and kill – or “land” – a tuna.
‘Catch and release’
Weymouth-based fisherman Dave Pitman has run fishing trips from the town’s harbour for the past 35 years.
Fish caught by his customers are often put back into the sea, and can include dogfish, skate and turbot.
He said the man who caught the tuna had seen two of them, and caught it using a spear gun while he was diving.
He said: “If you caught a tuna most people would go mad [with excitement], but we know they are endangered and to not fish for them in this country.”
Ms Dawson urged fishermen to follow the practice of “catch and release”, which is also a way of helping to preserve local fish stocks.
“We appreciate that anglers are excited but they need to look after their own resources,” she said.
“If anyone catches and releases a tuna we would like to know.”
Dorset Wildlife Trust’s Peter Tinsley said: “It would be irresponsible to intentionally kill one of these fish and it would be sad to see another killed in Dorset.”
The Marine Management Organisation (MMO) is calling for vigilance from the fishing industry to ensure it does not catch bluefin tuna and “strongly discourages” any targeted fishing of the species
LINK : http://environmentaleducationuk.wordpress.com/2011/08/08/fish-farm-breakthrough-that-could-save-the-bluefin/
- Bluefin tuna spotted off Dorset..and killed (thesun.co.uk)
- Prized sashimi tuna bred in captivity for first time (newscientist.com)
- P.E.I. overhauls bluefin tuna catch rules (ctv.ca)
- Tuna: The Hidden Cost of the World’s Priciest Fish (time.com)
- More Than Half of Tuna Species Facing Extinction, But Over-Fishing Them is Too Profitable to Stop (treehugger.com)
- IUCN Report On Ocean Conservation Has Good And Bad News For Tuna Lovers (huffingtonpost.com)
- NOAA Says Atlantic Bluefin Tuna Are Not Currently Endangered (shoppingblog.com)
- More Than Half of Tuna Species Face Extinction, But Overfishing Is Too Profitable to Stop (alternet.org)