Shanghai’s air quality is very up and down, but mainly down! School children have recently spent days ‘locked’ in their classroom due to increasingly suffocating air outdoors -it’s ‘not’ so much about education outside the classroom, but rather keeping kids sane indoors….
Shanghai’s air quality will improve Monday as strong winds continue to disperse the pollution that settled on the city last week, the Shanghai Environmental Monitoring Center predicted Sunday.
The city’s Air Quality Index (AQI) peaked at 166 at 3 am Sunday, indicating a moderate level of pollution. The main pollutant then was PM 2.5, or particulate matter less than 2.5 microns in diameter, according to the monitoring center.
The AQI subsequently fell as a cold front blew into the city from the north, bringing stronger winds but also sand particles that prevented the air quality from improving very much, said Zhao Qianbiao, a monitor with the Shanghai Environmental Monitoring Center.
By 1 pm, the air quality was considered lightly polluted, with PM 10 accounting for most of the pollution. Besides sand particles, coal soot is the primary source of PM 10, Zhao said. PM 10 doesn’t penetrate the lungs like PM 2.5 does, but it usually irritates the eyes and nasal passages.
PM 10 is harmful when its 24-hour reading surpasses 150 micrograms per cubic meter, according to Zhao. The PM 10 reading peaked around 200 early Sunday morning, according to the Shanghai Environmental Monitoring Center.
Zhao advised children and residents with heart and respiratory illnesses to cut back on outdoor activities and wear masks when they go outdoors.
The wind arrived in the city with Saturday night’s cold front, Zhao said.
The high temperature plunged to 11 C Sunday, down from 29.5 C on Saturday, which was the highest temperature on that date in 100 years, according to the Shanghai Meteorological Bureau.
The high temperature will range from 10 C to 19 C from Monday to Thursday and the low temperature will range from 5 C to 8 C.
The city will experience rain showers on Tuesday night and into Wednesday, the weather bureau said.
The Daily Mail reports
- More than 100 distressed birds, mostly guillemots, were discovered
- Volunteers try to wash glue-like substance off the birds, which have been ‘paralysed’ by the waxy substance
- There are fears hundreds more could be affected in the next few days
Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2271691/South-coast-seabirds-sticky-ordeal-Hundreds-wash-coast-covered-palm-oil-fell-passing-ship.html#ixzz2JocYyVUx
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- Seabirds wash up on English coast covered in sticky substance (sott.net)
- UK News: Probe no closer to identifying ‘sticky substance’ covering hundreds of seabirds on the south coast (birminghampost.net)
- UK News: Probe no closer to identifying ‘sticky substance’ covering hundreds of seabirds on the south coast (walesonline.co.uk)
- National News: Probe no closer to identifying ‘sticky substance’ covering hundreds of seabirds on the south coast (coventrytelegraph.net)
- Mystery substance covers hundreds of washed-up seabirds (independent.co.uk)
Is history to repeat? I’ve seen damage first-hand, and hope not!
From the International Herald Tribune: It was perhaps the surest sign that Japan remains unnerved by last year’s devastating earthquake and tsunami. After a large quake on Friday hit near the same area stricken last year, broadcasters on the public television network NHK threw aside their usual reserve to repeatedly issue worried warnings about tsunamis, with one host frantically urging people to “flee now to save your life!”
For the network, which has long taken pride in its staid presentation of the news, the tone was a distinct break with past, when a premium was put on avoiding panic and retaining the type of composure in the face of adversity that is so valued in Japan.
This time, the country appeared to get lucky. The 7.3-magnitude quake that struck at 5:29 p.m. under the seabed off the northeast shore of Honshu, the country’s largest island, was the largest aftershock since immediately after last year’s quake, according to the National Earthquake Information Center in Colorado. But it was small compared to last year’s 9.0 quake, which the center said released about 1,200 times more energy and which created a tsunami that wiped away seaside villages. About 18,600 people died in the double disaster.
On Friday, the water rose only about three feet in some places. And the United Nations nuclear watchdog agency said that the Japanese authorities reported they had detected no trouble at any of the nuclear plants in the area. Last year, the wall of water generated by the quake swamped the Fukushima Daiichi plant, which later had meltdowns in three reactors that spread contamination over wide areas of land.
Although buildings swayed on Friday in Tokyo and as far away as Osaka, about 550 miles from the epicenter, there were no immediate reports of heavy damage, according to news agencies. Several people were injured in the north, news reports said, but as of Saturday morning only one person was reported missing and possibly dead.
NHK reported that the man, a fisherman from the Tohoku region, took his boat out to sea to ride out any tsunami. His boat was later found about three miles offshore without him on it; but since there appeared to have been no large waves, it was unclear what might have happened to him.
Earlier, NHK appeared to be taking no chances of playing down the potential for disaster, flashing the words “Tsunami! Evacuate!” in big red letters until the warnings were lifted about two hours after the quake.
The broadcaster was stung by an outpouring of criticism last year that it had not urged people along the shoreline forcefully enough to flee the destructive waves. (The public network was also criticized for some of its post-earthquake coverage, when it was accused of going too soft on the government.)
In a country that has always kept a studied calm during its all-too-frequent earthquakes, the reaction to Friday’s quake was reported to be swift and orderly, with some residents calmly leaving for higher ground before a tsunami alert was issued. Still, residents spoke of the emotional strain from the continued aftershocks and fears of another tsunami.
A man named Taichi Sato said on Twitter: “For us, the disaster isn’t over. Something could happen that could destroy what we’ve only started to rebuild.” According to his Web site, he runs a project bringing volunteers to do tsunami cleanup in Ishinomaki, which was hard hit last year.
Elsewhere, there were signs that complacency might be creeping back. On Thursday, a radiological cleanup worker helping to remove contaminated soil from Naraha, a town in Fukushima Prefecture that remains partially evacuated because of radiation fears, appeared not to be worried about storing bags of that dirt along the coastline.
The worker, who declined to give his name, brushed off questions over whether those bags might be torn in another tsunami. “There isn’t going to be another tsunami,” he said.
Ken Belson and Shreeya Sinha contributed reporting from New York.
- Japan Quake in Nuclear Plant Area Stirs Brief Alarm (nytimes.com)
- Tsunami hits northeast Japan after 7.3-magnitude quake (straitstimes.com)
- Powerful quake injures 13 in Japan, 1 missing|chinadaily.com.cn – China Daily (chinadaily.com.cn)
- Japan on tsunami alert after powerful quake (abc.net.au)
- Five injured in Japan quake, tsunami warning lifted (vancouversun.com)
- Tsunami alert after 7.3-magnitude quake rocks Japan (newsinfo.inquirer.net)
- Small tsunami waves hit Japan’s Miyagi Prefecture after strong earthquake (foxnews.com)
- 7.3 magnitude earthquake hits Japan (thehindu.com)