Fresh triumph for ethical tuna fishing campaign
Letters from customers and embarrassing headlines have forced the last major British supermarket group to drop a destructive form of tuna fishing.
As the latest domino to topple in one of the most successful environmental campaigns in years, Morrisons told The Independent it would ban purse seining using fish-aggregating devices, or Fads, by the end of 2013.
Fads are man-made rafts that attract tuna and other species such as turtles and sharks – which are all scooped up in nets and killed along with the intended catch. In their place, Morrisons will switch to purse seining without fads and pole-and-line, a traditional method which minimises by-catch.
The move brings Britain’s fourth-biggest supermarket into line with its competitors. Tesco and Asda announced similar promises earlier this year after a campaign by Greenpeace and the chef Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall. In January, Greenpeace and Mr Fearnley-Whittingstall’s “Fish Fight” complained that tuna brands were engaging in damaging fishing practices while telling customers they were kind to the marine environment. Before the campaign was launched, only Sainsburys, Marks & Spencer and Waitrose stocked 100 per cent own-brand tuna caught with the pole-and-line method.
On 10 January, two days before Greenpeace published a league table of eight tuna brands’ sustainability, Tesco – which had been ranked last – said it would move to pole-and-line caught tuna by the end of 2012.
Britain’s biggest tuna label, Princes, said four days later it would drop a claim on its labels about using fishing methods “which protect the marine environment and marine life”. Greenpeace had submitted a dossier to the Office of Fair Trading, alleging the claim was misleading customers. In March, Princes and Asda agreed to phase out Fads by 2014. Announcing Morrisons’ change, Steven Butt, head of corporate social responsibility, said the firm had been discussing the change with suppliers for months, but credited the campaign as being an “important factor”. “It’s galvanised the sector and it’s raised awareness, which is a very powerful thing,” he said, adding the supermarket had received many letters about it.
John Sauven, the executive director of Greenpeace, welcomed the “quite unprecedented” speed of change. He said: “One of the significant things about this is that shoppers see tinned tuna like they see tins of baked beans and you often see ‘two for the price of one’, and what we have been able to do through Hugh’s work and from some good campaigning is to get people to understand the value of life in our oceans, and that this is a massive resource – and that it’s not just overfished, but fished unsustainably.
“The UK is the second-biggest tinned tuna industry after the US – changing that supply is incredible after a couple of months. It will have a knock-on effect.”
Mr Fearnley-Whittingstall, who will screen a follow-up programme in June, said: “It’s been one of those really interesting campaigns where concerted effort and a bit of a pincer movement between Greenpeace and Fish Fight has got an initial good result with the Tesco commitment a couple of months ago, and we have been able to apply the pressure systematically on the rest of the market. As with so many ethical consumer issues you get to the point where there the ethical part of the market starts to be the majority and the unethical becomes the minority.” More turtles, dolphins and sharks will be saved because of the changes, he added.
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Calmer waters ahead for seals
BEIJING – Governments at all levels are working closely with environmental organizations to step up efforts to protect endangered spotted seals. CHINA DAILY reports.
The push has caused development projects to be shelved or altered to ensure seals are not negatively impacted.
An example of such a decision came in March when a planned highway in North China’s Liaoning province that was to have cut through a local conservation area was suspended so more consultation could be carried out to ensure seals would not be harmed.
“The suspension was welcomed by animal rights activists,” said Tian Jiguang, head of the Panjin Spotted Seal Protection Volunteer Association in Liaoning.
Tian said at a seminar on the protection of the species held last week that the move showed the government is listening to groups that want to see seals thrive.
“It reveals the growing impact of environmental organizations on government decisions.”
The planned 15-kilometer stretch of the Binhai Highway was important for the economic development of Liaoning province but Tian’s association launched an online campaign pointing out that the conservation area must continue to be protected.
“A black-mouth gull protection volunteer association in Panjin managed to get the local government there to change the route of a road to avoid crossing the gulls’ natural habitat in 2007,” Tian said. “This gave us the confidence to believe that we could do the same by expressing our opinion.”
To protect spotted seals, China has formalized three conservation areas, in Liaodong Bay, Dalian city and Shandong province, said Han Jiabo, vice-director of the Liaoning Ocean and Fisheries Research Institute.
And the Ministry of Agriculture, the State Oceanic Administration and the fisheries departments in China have worked out relative regulations or scientific research programs to protect this endangered species, Han said.
“Molecular biological evidence proves that spotted seals in China’s Liaodong Bay are different to those inhabiting the Seas of Japan and Okhotsk,” said Han. “We estimate that the country now has a population of approximately 2,000 seals.”
The number of spotted seals has declined because of environmental degradation, pollution, over-hunting, human interference, offshore oil drilling and increasing shipping, said Zhang Jinshuo, a researcher from the Institute of Zoology under the Chinese Academy of Sciences.
“In 2006, we found around 1,200 spotted seals in China, and one year later only 890 were observed during a nationwide investigation,” Han said.
As an endangered species, spotted seals are listed as a national grade II animal for key protection in China and animal protection activists are trying to get them even more protection.
“The government and environmental protection organizations should work together and harder to conserve spotted seals,” said Qin Xiaona, director of the Capital Animal Welfare Association.
“More environmental protection activists need to be included in investigations into the Binhai highway’s feasibility,” she added.
In March, two spotted seal cubs that got into difficulty in the cities of Xingcheng and Panjin, both in Liaoning province, were rescued by ocean parks authorities, fishery authorities and the police and are being rehabilitated.
- Fresh triumph for ethical tuna fishing campaign (independent.co.uk)
- Campaigners claim victory over tuna firm change (independent.co.uk)
- Princes Tuna Launches Sustainable Seafood Plan. Will Supermarkets Be Next? (news.change.org)
- Supermarkets misleading consumers on the labeling of fish (greenreview.blogspot.com)
- Greenpeace ranks Canadian marketed tuna brands (fishconsultancy.wordpress.com)