USA: 10 Tips to Respect Wildlife in National Parks





People need Nature – I will blog separate specifically about the many reasons separately – and National Parks perform an important role in ‘bringing people – especially young people and families – to interact positively with their natural environment’ in state of wilderness location .

To protect both people and wildlife to to ensure the interaction is safe  – the following post points to some of the key thing to be informed of, NOT to do. These points are noteworthy regards any wildlife – but especially as we come up to the 100th Centenary of the US National Parks Service!

So there’s the post I came across …. from the National Parks Conservation Association

  1. Don’t Honk at Wildlife: Bears are know to spend time at roadside – ‘mother bears fear males will prey on their cubs’.
  2. Watch Your Step — and the Color of Your Shoes: As you walk on a beach, make sure not to step on birds’ or turtles’ nests — the same goes for rock climbers encountering nesting raptors.  Avoid wearing white shoes. The turtles use the white foam of the waves, the moon and the reflection of sunlight on the water to find their way to the ocean. White shoes, clothing and lights can disorient them and cause them to lose precious energy.
  3. Don’t Put a Bison in Your Car: sounds very strange? This happened only last month (June 2016) – An account by a wildlife photographer suggested that a baby bison had already been abandoned by the time some tourists decided to take ‘action’ and that their intervention likely didn’t change the animal’s fate, but this tale is a reminder that park visitors shouldn’t interfere with nature’s course: Rangers tried to reunite the bison calf with its herd, but all attempts failed and the bison was euthanized as its wandering by the road posed a danger for cars.
  4. Sweat Without the Blood and Tears: Wildlife is still wild! Olympic’s mountain goats are a treasured sight for park visitors, but park officials note that they also have “sharp, potentially lethal horns.” Six years ago, a goat gored a hiker and stood on top of him until he bled to death. Ouch …. Enough said!?
  5. Invest in a Zoom LensPeople visiting national parks often do so at great expense and therefore want to record the experience, especially the moment they came upon a magnificent bison or bear. The animals usually don’t mind, but they also like their private space. Of the five people injured by bison in Yellowstone last year, three were taking pictures, including two with their backs turned to the animals, the CDC wrote in a report. Just last month, a woman was charged by an elk as she approached to photograph it. David Lamfrom, the head of NPCA’s wildlife program, recommends “avoiding large hooved mammals during their rutting season when they become more aggressive due to higher testosterone levels.”Here’s what happens when people get too close…. Youtube of people too close to elk

More information : Environmental Education visit NAEE , National Parks Service



Let’s put ‘Nature first’ ….

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I am not especially ‘political animal” – I really do not mind who is in Government, as long as they are pro-Nature and the Environment (yeah, right…) – but there are certain things that a government of an island nation such as the United Kingdom cannot do totally by and of itself, no matter how good the intention. If it were to become ‘independent’ – that is leave the European Union’  actually that would strip our current administration of huge benefits that we and nature take for granted – many of them ‘unseen’ , so not easily noticeable…

The European Union has a raft of areas – no less than 26 – where it supports the UK government to enable the environment protection and management

The Habitats Directive ensures the conservation of a wide range of rare, threatened or endemic animal and plant species. Some 200 rare and characteristic habitat types are also targeted for conservation in their own right.

Green Week is the biggest annual occasion to debate and discuss European environment policy. In 2106, it will focus on the theme “Investing for a greener future”.

Of the Natura 2000 Awards, the Commissioner stated I am once again honoured to be here tonight to recognise the fantastic work undertaken by the winners and all of the finalists in preserving our common natural heritage”

European Green Capital award aims to encourage and promote the lot of Green cities

Circular Economy website focuses on waste reduction

Europe’s protections keep Britain’s wildlife, countryside and nature safe. Wildlife doesn’t queue up at the border with its passport. We can only tackle these issues across borders. On 23 June, please vote remain – for nature.

Sources: youtube and European Environment website

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For this and other Environment stories * follow twitter LearnFromNature (me) or * visit the NAEE * follow NAEE twitter or LearnFromNature



World Environment Day | World Oceans Day: Toes in the (clean, Dutch) sand


cropped-cropped-cropped-img_53491.jpg The image of a boy in the sand maybe ‘so what’ for some…. but, for me at least, it raises a wide range of troubling environmental issues!

*China has (arguably) few clean sand beaches – certainly not near Shanghai. The closest proper beach to us? Thailand! This image (above) was taken by me in the Netherlands – Scheveningen :

*How do you keep a beach clean – or maybe more to the point … clean it up? Refer to the Marine Conservation Society :

*Marine debris – all the stuff … mainly rubbish, but also some of which can be re-used – then becomes a BIG issue. There are many info sources – here’s one:

*Sand & beaches: How did the sand get there : see Resources section

*More info about

+ Children and Nature + World Environment Day + World Oceans Day + or go straight to the NAEE portal 

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‘The Planet and Stuff’ at The Polka : ‘eye-catching and educational treat’!


Sarah Simmons of NAEE reports on what happens when climate change hits the stage

The Polka Theatre’s new educational performance, The Planet and Stuff, aims to inform young people about the problems of climate change and what they can do to help solve it. The performance provides fun, interactive and engaging activities which support key areas of both the KS2 and KS3 Science and Geography curricula.

The colourful and eye-catching production, fronted by Felix O’Brien as Joe and Sarah-Jane Scott as Becci, enthusiastically led the audience to tackle the question: “How do we solve climate change?”.  Through bottom wiggles, arm waving, and throwing paper aeroplanes the audience explored the issues of increased levels of carbon dioxide, where it is coming from, and were introduced to ways in which they can help in their every day lives at home and at school.

Uniquely the key facts about climate change weren’t researched by adults, but by the Polka Young Voices Panel, a group of 8 – 13 year olds who come together regularly throughout the year. Prior to the performance, the panel interviewed key players in the climate change debate including: university professors, climate change campaigners and MPs who relayed their thoughts on what children in the audience could do to help solve climate change.

When leaving the auditorium after the performance all the children appeared to be empowered by the performance, chatting amongst themselves about the messages presented and how they plan to solve climate change.  The Planet and Stuff is a thoroughly enjoyable educational performance and definitely well worth a visit to support teaching in both Geography and Science lessons.


The Planet and Stuff will be showing at the Polka Theatre until Saturday 26th October 2013. For more information visit

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Africa truth : Could big cats be facing extinction?

The Lion King

Image via Wikipedia

In the 1990’s, visiting the Ngorongoro Crater and hearing about tales of lions and humans in other East African savannah-grassed national parks in the mid-1990’s, I am acutely aware of the vital importance of these very fine beasts. The possibility that the miss-called ‘kings of the jungle’ (only some live in rainforest) may be headed for extinction is tragic and must be acted against….

Humans can learn a lot from them say two noted conservationists – so we must preserve these noble beasts. By Anthea Gerrie in The Independent.

Forget The Lion King and its “Circle of Life” – Disney’s depiction of a brave Africa kept perfectly in balance by nature’s biggest predators may be no more than a fairy tale within a generation. This is the shocking prediction of Dereck and Beverly Joubert, the world’s most famous living big cat conservationists. They have been in London this week to launch a show of Beverly’s stunning wildlife photographs at the National Geographic, for which they are Explorers in Residence, but they are more anxious to get over an alarming message that has been falling on deaf ears.

For nearly 30 years living with lions, leopards and cheetahs in the bush, the impossibly glamorous but utterly dedicated couple has been watching the subjects of their life’s work disappearing before their eyes.

“There were 450,000 lions when we were born and now there are only 20,000 worldwide,” says Dereck, white-ponytailed and ramrod-straight at 55. “Leopards have declined from 700,000 to 50,000, cheetahs from 45,000 to 12,000 and tigers are down from 50,000 to just 3,000,” his elegant wife and collaborator adds.

The bleak prospect is that our grandchildren will never be able to see these animals – or even the elephants, buffalo, zebra and antelope who survive by fleeing their predators – in the wild.

“We’re expecting mass extinctions of big cats within 10 or 15 years unless something is done about it,” Dereck says. He’s looking to African governments to do this, without whose change of heart and legislation all efforts to save the beasts will be fruitless.

“Look at tigers – despite all the conservation efforts going on around them, there are less than 900 left in India, and whatever happens to tigers will happen to lions. We are in real trouble.”

“Every year, 600 male lions are taken legally in safari hunts in Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia – seven countries in total,” Beverly adds. “You can shoot leopards in all those countries too, and 2,000 a year become a legal hunting trophy.”

What does it mean? “If you take out the top predator, you remove the impetus for migrations to happen,” says Dereck, who with his wife has won five Emmys, a World Ecology Award and an induction into the American Academy of Achievement as well as an order of merit from Botswana. This is now their permanent home; they live there among the cats for nine months at a time before venturing back into civilisation for a quick blast of editing and urban life.

“Take the predator pressure away and elephants and buffalos will stay in one place, picking up diseases,” he explains. “They’ll work the same waterhole, defecate in the ground they’re feeding on and the parasite load will increase.

“The jackals and hyenas will multiply without lions preying on them, knock out the medium-sized prey like antelope, impala, zebra and wildebeest, and then start collapsing themselves.

“You’ll end up with big prey species like elephants growing in intense numbers and then imploding, with everything below them wiped out. If we were systematically trying to kill off the world’s top predators, we couldn’t do a better job of helping the ecosystem towards destruction.”

It’s a story the couple claim the world just doesn’t want to hear.

“No one’s talking about it because they don’t have any solutions. The story of Africa today is that the big cats are disappearing – and that’s something we could take action to prevent.”

With the National Geographic behind them to fund films such as The Last Lions, a cinematic release which this year gave them an opportunity to create some human empathy for the scary cats, the Jouberts pray the animals who have been their neighbours for more than a quarter of a century will still be around for them to study, film and learn from by the time they become pensioners.

“Lions – which are very social animals – and humans have so many parallels, we have been able to take many life lessons from them,” Dereck says.

The first is the power of companionship to aid survival as well as lend comfort: “If a lioness is sick, she can be a passenger for a day or two and feed with the pride, unlike leopards, who are solitary animals hunting in the forest,” he says. “The day she gets sick, that leopard is going to go hungry.”

“When we watched the lions hunting buffalo, it was so hard for a single lioness, but we knew when they worked together they would be successful,” Beverly adds. “At the same time, if the buffalo herd stayed strong, and kept all their horns facing out, they would be fine until one of them created fear and paranoia and they were disturbed – then we knew the lions would make a hit.”

The second lesson is that humanity must hold together because fear and paranoia lead to self-destruction. “Governments, politicians, religious leaders build on the fear embedded on us when we’re children – we need to understand the fear within ourselves and become more balanced.”

The value of teamwork is a third lesson to be learnt, they say. “Eight to 10, the size lion prides form themselves into, is also the most effective size for a human team. At that size you can get things done and have personal relationships with the others in the group. A group of 50 will start to create a common enemy and break back down into groups of eight to 10.”

While they are distinctly unsentimental – “we never intervene with what we see happening and make a conscious decision not to engage with the animals” – they have learnt that a little engagement is what may ultimately persuade humans to help to save threatened species.

“We had to deter the little leopard we followed for three years who astonished us by climbing into our vehicle, because we wanted to maintain her trust without compromising her integrity in the wild,” Dereck explains.

They did it by turning on the engine of their vehicle to mimic the growl of a disapproving mother, and Legadema, the subject of their film Eye of the Leopard, never jumped into the car again.

“She convinced us we had to do something for them because we understand so clearly that with poaching for bush meat, poisoning by cattle farmers, safari hunts for sport and the trade in medicinal plants, only by creating real empathy for the cats do we have a hope of arresting what will otherwise be an irreversible decline,” Beverly says.

The reason they allow themselves hope comes from a final life lesson they learnt from Legadema, who turned out not to be a very good hunter. “What we learnt from her is that with determination and perseverance, keeping on talking to more people, trying to put over the message even if no one appears to be listening, you can prevail,” Dereck says. Given that these Emmy winners have cultivated an audience of more than a billion wildlife enthusiasts, you can only hope there’s at least half a chance they might get heard.

‘Living with Big Cats‘ and ‘Big Cat Odyssey’ are out now on DVD.

Visions of Africa will show at the National Geographic Store in London’s Regent Street until 5 September

UK zoo leads way with online conservation and environmental education

Two okapis at Chester Zoo, England.

Image via Wikipedia


The Pros and Cons of zoos are many and varied – here’s an example of an advantage which includes ‘Environmental education‘. Mark Kinver, Environment Reporter at BBC online explains

A UK zoo has launched a website that it hopes will help bridge a growing divide between young people and conservation.

Chester Zoo‘s Act for Wildlife site hopes social media, video and blogs will increase gadget-obsessed youngsters’ interest in wildlife.

It will allow users to find out more about the effort to save species, put questions to staff working around the globe and follow their fieldwork.

Organisers hope it will help establish a network of online conservationists.

The zoo commissioned a poll that showed that 66% of adults felt that 10-year-olds were more interested in technology than wildlife.

The survey of 2,094 adults, conducted by YouGov, also found that 94% of adults felt that biodiversity conservation was important, yet only 15% actively helped a cause.

“The survey is a somewhat depressing summary of the world today,” said Dr Mark Pilgrim, Chester Zoo’s director general.

“While we are playing with games or chatting to our friends online, somewhere in the world at the same time, a rhino is being poached for its horn or a species is facing a battle for survival in its own territory.”

Starting at home

As well as supporting work to protect species such as orangutans, Asian elephants and black rhinos, Act for Wildlife has also included a project called UK Wildlife.

“Although it is not the sort of work people would normally associated with a zoo, we are a UK-based organisation, and we must not forget that conservation also needs to start at home,” explained project manager Michelle Duma.

“It is no good us going out and working on projects in Africa or Asia and getting people to care about their wildlife, if we cannot do that here in the UK.”

Ms Duma told BBC News that a web-based resource was “absolutely the way to go”.

“Not only does it allow our zoo visitors to go online and see what is happening and keep up to date with our projects, but it also means that we can broaden our reach and talk to the whole of the UK and further afield,” she said.

“The projects that Act for Wildlife is supporting are sending us regular updates on what they have been up to, information about themselves. What we are trying to do is for project members to tell their story themselves.”

One example was project members in Assam, India, posting images of their work with local villages to reduce conflicts between people and elephants.

“Then people can ask questions and engage in a conversation,” Ms Duma added. “If they want to know more about a particular thing, they just have to ask.”

Source :

Good news for ‘Environmental education’ : Graduates must be ‘green’

Students watching birds at Nador Lagoon

Image via Wikipedia

Maryland has become the first state in the country to require students to be “environmentally literate” in order to graduate from high school.

The vote by the Maryland board of education requires that students get a “comprehensive, multi-disciplinary environmental education” before receiving a diploma. Districts will have to develop plans for coursework that meets state standards in environmental literacy and have their plans approved by the state superintendent of schools. They will also have to develop ways to assess students’ mastery of the material in order to determine if they are eligible for graduation.

The action today follows a decision by the board last summer to require that students get a bigger dose of environmental literacy than they had been getting in typical science classes. There was some confusion, however, about whether that action actually made environmental literacy a graduation requirement. Today’s vote was intended to clear up that confusion and make the requirement official.